National Records of Scotland

Preserving the past, Recording the present, Informing the future

Vital Events Reference Tables 2002

Vital Events Reference Tables 2002

Section 1: Summary

Age standardisation

A straight comparison of crude rates between areas may present a misleading picture because of differences in the sex and age structure of the respective populations. The technique of standardisation has been used in certain tables to remedy this. In general, standardisation involves a comparison of the actual number of events occurring in an area with the aggregate number expected if the age/sex specific rates in the standard population were applied to the age/sex groups of the observed population. The results have been expressed either as standardised rates (Tables 1.3 and 1.4) or as standardised mortality ratios (SMRs) where the standard rate (for Scotland or the United Kingdom) equals 100 (Tables 1.5 and 1.7).

Note: the population estimates, birth, marriage and death rates and standardised mortality ratios given in the tables in this section have been superseded. They were produced using the original mid-year population estimates for 2002 onwards, which have been superseded by 'rebased' population estimates which take account of the results of the 2011 Census. In most cases, revised versions of these figures (which were produced using the 'rebased' population estimates) can be obtained from:

More information about the rebasing of the mid-year estimates, and the consequential temporary break in some of the Vital Events statistics series (such as birth rates and death rates) is available from the Births and Deaths Rates: breaks in series circa 2011 section of this website.

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1.1 Population and vital events, Scotland, 1855 to 2002
(Excel    CSV    PDF)
1.2 Births, stillbirths, deaths and marriages, numbers and rates, Scotland,
quarterly, 1992 to 2002
(Excel    CSV    PDF)
1.3 Estimated population, births, stillbirths, deaths and marriages, numbers
and rates, by administrative area, Scotland, 2002
(Excel    CSV    PDF)
1.4 Births, deaths and deaths rates, by administrative area, resident and not
resident in Scotland, 2002
(Excel    CSV    PDF)
1.5 Standardised mortality ratios (based on Scotland experience) for selected
causes, by administrative area, Scotland, 2002
(Excel    CSV    PDF)
1.6 International populations and vital statistics rates, selected countries,
latest available figures
(Excel    CSV    PDF)
1.7 Summary comparisons with other countries of the United Kingdom, 2001
(Excel    CSV    PDF)


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